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Basics of Intelligence, part 2

Basics of Intelligence, part 2 Heritability of IQ In some circles it is controversial to state this, but, like every single biological trait, the range of potential IQ is inherited. However, like many things which are inherited traits, it is also impacted by environment. Many studies find that heritability, once the offspring is through adolescence, accounts for about 80% of adult IQ, which roughly correlates to the heritability of height. So one of the best ways to think about the how IQ works with our students is to use height as an analogy: 1. A potential for height is determined by genetics and a person will not get taller than a genetically predetermined limit to his or her height. 2. That potential height is then reduced by environmental factors such as fetal stress, malnutrition, lack of exercise, lack of sleep, exposure to disease, neglect, and a home environment without physical stimulus. 3. At some point in late adolescence, a person will stop getting taller, and will not grow…

The Basics of Intelligence, Part 1

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The Basics of Intelligence, Part 1
Intelligence, in general, refers to a person’s inherent performance ability in intellectual functions. 
IQ, or “intelligence quotient”, is not an objective unit of measurement but rather a scale applied to a ranking of some measure of intellectual performance (an “IQ” test), which compares your performance on the test with other people your age who take the same test. 
The way IQ is defined psychometrically means that scores will sort people into groups which fit into a normal distribution with a median score of 100 and a standard deviation of 15.  In fact, the best definition of what intelligence actually is probably that of American psychologist Edwin Boring, who said, simply, that “Intelligence is what is measured by intelligence tests.”
Binet
Intelligence quotients, and therefore IQ tests, first came about when French school authorities tasked psychologist Alfred Binet to find a way to test students. Binet wrote, “It seems to us that in intelligence t…

Guest blogger: Sonya Paul - Author of Life

Author of Life   I love to write. Often, I seek to establish a fantastic mood, lovely tone, a clever phrase, but mostly brevity of a story.  As though, -“Word-smithing” could fit on my FB or LinkedIN profile, for certain, the term would pop up on a digital format.      Ah, the way of the new world, to find ways to have student’s author in digital time and formats. But, with so many out there to choose from, “What is a parent to do?”  “What is a teacher to do?” It used to be Powerpoint, and Prezi, but as items such as SMORE evolve-it lends to the great digital divide. Still, most students prefer Instagram and Snapchat, or anything that can be a two or three word summary.  Often, the letters stand for complete sentences. Take for example my own kids recent text: UOK? That’s the true brevity with being an author on life these days. We forget to read and write even less in culture. My goal in the classroom is to find, discover, challenge, and submit to the students that they are (amazing-…
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Free Will,  Moral Agency and Conditioning The Basics of Behavior and Educational Psychology

At the root of any society is common code of behaviors - specifically, a list of those behaviors which are acceptable and penalties for violating the code are commonly understood. But at its root, of behavior is basically a response to stimulus.  Learning is, in and of itself, a developmentally-determined intellectual response to stimulus. Its roots are psychological, and it combines with philosophy and with pedagogy as the three legs of understanding how learning works. 
Educational psychology, and specifically Behaviorism (a school of thought in psychology) suggests that responses and therefore behaviors, can be predicted if you know the subject and the stimulus, and if you want another behavioral response, then you can apply conditioning techniques to create the desired response.  Behavior is, of course, defined by the action, not the actor.
Free Will and Moral Agency

There is, however, another e…